The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued an updated notice for Greece’s current Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) malaria outbreak. At the time of writing, eight cases of the disease have been reported in the country’s Laconia and Attica regions, occurring in the cities of Evrotas, Marathon and Markopoulo. None have been reported in Athens so far. The Hellenic CDC has announced that it is working with the European CDC to improve surveillance for malaria so that cases can be identified as early as possible, and mosquito control procedures in affected regions have been stepped up.
Symptoms of the mosquito-borne disease include fever, chills and other flu-like symptoms. If left untreated it can result in severe complications that can then lead to death, and travellers are advised to take all possible precautions to avoid mosquito bites, including the use of insect repellent, the wearing of protective clothing (long sleeves, closed shoes, hats etc.) and to stay in screened or air conditioned rooms. Sleeping under mosquito nets is also advisable. Mosquitoes tend to bite between dusk and dawn, so extra vigilance is suggested during these periods.